Citing and Referencing
Harvard is one of many citation styles. DCU Library has produced a guide to using the Harvard Style, this guide is the Harvard style as interpreted by DCU Library.
DCU Library Guide to Harvard Style of Citing & Referencing (online) - printed version (pdf)
American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style is widely used in the Social Sciences. DCU St Patrick's Campus students of the Department of Education are required to use this standard.
DCU Library has produced a guide which lists the most popular citation types with practical examples for both in-text citation and referencing.
NOTE: If you are not sure which style you should be using, we recommend you check with your lecturer.
DCU Library staff give classes/workshops to all students on How to avoid Plagiarism - using the Harvard Style . Details on our calendar of classes and workshops for all training.
Visit LETScite our online tutorial for information on avoiding plagiarism and how to cite and reference correctly using the Harvard Style.
RefWorks is a reference management software tool that allows you to compile, edit and format bibliographies by importing references directly from library databases, library catalogue, Google Scholar and websites or by entering them manually and inserting them into your finished paper in the citation style of your choice (eg. Harvard). To use RefWorks you need to have a good understanding of citing and referencing and know how to use the library databases.
Training is available on how to use RefWorks - look up our calendar of classes and workshops.
If you are required to use a citation style other than Harvard, check your school's style-sheet/guidelines. The following is a list of the main citation styles, with links to books and online resources.
ACS (American Chemical Society)
- ACS Style Guide e-book in DCU Library
- ACS Style Guidelines from University of Wisconsin
- ACS Style Guide from Williams College Libraries
The Bluebook (US law)
- Bluebook website (subscription information)
- A Bluebook guide for law students from Suffolk University
- Introduction to Basic Legal Citation by Peter Martin (2010)
- Chicago manual of style (13th ed.) in DCU Library
- A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations (7th ed.) in DCU Library
- Chicago-Style manual quick guide from Chicago Manual of Style (website)
- Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.) form Purdue Online Writing Lab
MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Association)
- MHRA style book (5th ed.) in DCU Library
- Referencing in the MHRA Style (pdf) from Cardiff University
- Modern Humanities Research Association (MHRA) Style Guide - a handbook for authors, editors and writers of theses
MLA (Modern Language Association of America)
- MLA handbook for writers & researchers 6th ed. in DCU Library
- Frequently asked questions about the MLA Handbook
- MLA Formatting and Style Guide (Purdue Online Writing Guide)
OSCOLA (Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities)
- OSCOLA Guide (pdf) 4th ed. from University of Oxford